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92 Malone Road
Belfast
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Telephone 02890 666448
Specialists Ireland, Irish History & Culture, Manuscripts, Maps, Literature, Economics, Sciences, History of Ideas, Travel, Rare Books in all fields (15th to 20th Centuries)
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Carleton House
92 Malone Road
Belfast
BT9 5HP
Contact Peter Rowan
Telephone 02890 666448
Specialists Ireland, Irish History & Culture, Manuscripts, Maps, Literature, Economics, Sciences, History of Ideas, Travel, Rare Books in all fields (15th to 20th Centuries)
P & B Rowan
Stand F02

ELABORATELY RULED IN RED THROUGHOUT

NIEUHOFF, Jan & ADAMS, John & KIRCHER, Athanasis

An Embassy from the East-India Company of the United Provinces, to the Grand Tartar Cham Emperour of China, delivered by their Excell[en]cies, Peter de Goyer and Jacob de Keyzer, at his Imperial City of Peking. Wherein the Cities, Town, Villages, Ports, Rivers, &c. in their passages from Canton to Peking, are ingeniously described by Mr. John Nieuhoff, Steward to the Ambassador. Also an Epistle of Father John Adams their Antagonist, concerning the whole Negotiation. With an Appendix of several Remarks taken out of Father Athanasius Kircher. Englished and set forth with their several sculptures, by John Ogilby, Esq., Master of His Majesties Revels in the Kingdom of Ireland., London: Printed by John Macock, for the Author 1669

first edition in English folio [2 (title)], [2 (King's imprimater?)], 146, [2 (blank)], 149-184, 205-327, [1 (blank)], 18, 106pp. (complete, text and register are continuous despite pagination), title page printed in red and black, double-page map of China, double-page plan of Kanton, plus 17 engraved plates (including the engraved additional title page and one with two separate images), 121 engravings in the text, elaborately ruled in red throughout, contemporary calf with contrastingly dyed 'Cambridge' panels on the sides, very neatly rebacked with the original leather spine relaid, spine with raised bands highlighted by double gilt fillets, new red morocco title label, original endpapers reused, the two blank leaf e2 and the final blank Ee2 omitted as often, lacks the engraved portrait of Ogilby, 2 leaves (M2 and Cc1) with neat early (contemporary or near) "repairs" (apparently to smooth out crinkles in the leaves) with small paper overlays on the reverse of engraved illustrations and with the overlaid text renewed in pen facsimile, the last 5 leaves and accompanying plate with old paper reinforcement at their gutter margin, plan of Kanton with an old tear (no loss) near its central fold professionally repaired and its blank upper and lower margins trimmed off (apparently at an early date), occasional minor marks or dustiness, but overall a very good and handsome copy. The elaborate ruling in red throughout (to both text and plates) greatly enhances the appearance.

Provenance
Mss note at head of front endpaper "Ap. 17th 1722 Bought of Hills cost 10:6". Signed at head of printed title page "J. C. [?] Penrud: Wyndham, 1755". Tiny shelving? number "R87" in pen at top corner of printed title page. Later rococco engraved armorial bookplate of Wadham Wyndham Esq. incorporating cherubs (one holding an open book) with shelved books in the background.

Note
Löwendahl Sino-Western Relations, 140 Lust Western Books on China, 535
Collation: A-Iiii2, a-e2, B-Ee2 with the leaves Pp2 (p.147/8), e2 (p.19/20) and the terminal Ee2 being blanks. It is unclear how many plates were potentially included in this work and it may indeed have been variable. Some copies appear to contain two plates more than are included in this copy.
"First English edition of Neuhof, originally published in Dutch in 1665, and Kircher, originally published in Latin in 1667, 'englished and set forth with their several sculptures by John Ogilby'. John Adams' epistle (18pp.) contains a narrative of Jan Maetsuyker's embassy sent from Batavia 'unto the emperour of China & Tartary, the 20. of July 1655. soliciting a license of trade in the port of his empire'. The final section in six parts (106pp.) contains a translation of Kirchner, entitled 'An appendix or special remarks taken at large out of Athanasius Kircher [his Antiquities of China]'" [Löwendahl].
Nieuhoff (1618-1672), travelled to China in 1655 as a steward for the Dutch East India Company Embassy to the fairly recently installed Qing emperor in an attempt to obtain his permission for the establishment of trading relations. As part of his duties Nieuhoff was to obtain realistic depictions of such as cities, palaces, temples, rivers and anything else that he found noteworthy. Since the negotiations dragged on for months there was ample time to observe and record the region, its people and their culture and the engagement of a Jesuit scholar already based in China as their translator facilitated understanding. Nieuhoff recorded such aspects of life as the various religions, religious ceremonies, the position of women, marriage. dress, various occupations and social strata, education, dress, medicine and science, the Chinese language, the form of writing, etc. After his return to Holland in 1658 Nieuhoff published his splendid account of China as Het Gezandtschap der Neêrlandtsche Oost-Indische Compagnie, aan den grooten Tartarischen Cham (1665) with 150 illustrations. This book was divided into two sections, the first being an account of embassy and the second a description of China. It was quickly published in translations into French (1665), German (1666), Latin (1668) and English (1669), all of which at went to at least two editions. The book was a major and novel source of reliable information for Europeans on China, both through its text and through it realistic illustrations of Chinese buildings, landscape, costume, occupations, natural history, etc.
Ogilby, with his translation into English, further enhanced the work by supplementing it with extracts from the writings of Father John Adams (actually by an anonymous Portuguese Jesuit) and Athanasius Kircher's China monumentis (1667). Ogilby reduced by about a third the number of illustrations from Nieuhoff's Dutch original and had them re-engraved by such as Wenceslaus Hollar, but to these he added about twenty-five others sourced from Kircher et alia which were not in the Dutch original.
Ogilby (Scotland, 1600 – 1676) himself was an interesting character who, after an injury forced him to abandon a career as a dancer at court, moved to Ireland where in 1637 he opened the first theatre and was (as proclaimed here on the title page) "Master of His Majesties Revels". The Irish rebellion of 1641 forced his return to London where at the age of fifty he married a wealthy widow which enabled him to embark on a new and successful career as a publisher. His publications, some of which he wrote himself, were notable for their magnificence and "great attention to paper quality, clear type, and the illustrations ... In March [1661] he was reconfirmed as master of the revels in Ireland, and he probably secured his title of master of the king's imprimeries (king's printer) in the same year. About July 1662 he moved to Ireland again to establish a theatre in Dublin ... By late 1665 or early 1666 he was again settled in London. After the great fire of 1666 (in which he lost much of his own stock) he was appointed one of the city's assistant surveyors" [O.D.N.B.]. He sold the 1669 first edition of this book by lottery with such success that he conceived of a series of atlases to cover the whole world. These fine works further enhanced his reputation and in 1671 he secured the additional title of his majesty's cosmographer.
The prominent English judge Wadham Wyndham (1609–1668) had worked for the prosecution of the regicides after the Restoration and worked free as a judge at the Fire Court set up in 1667 to hear cases relating to property destroyed in the Great Fine of London. He possibly knew Ogilby. A succession of his descendants carried the same name.

Edition
First in English
£10,500