Flaesketorvet 68
1711 Koebenhavn V
Denmark
Contact Christian Westergaard
Nils Lundvang
Telephone +45 2762 8014
+45 2075 1233
Fax +45 6991 8469
Specialists Mathematics, Physics, Chemistry, Medicine, Anatomy, Astronomy, General Science.
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Flaesketorvet 68
1711 Koebenhavn V
Denmark
Contact Christian Westergaard
Nils Lundvang
Telephone +45 2762 8014
+45 2075 1233
Fax +45 6991 8469
Specialists Mathematics, Physics, Chemistry, Medicine, Anatomy, Astronomy, General Science.
The item listed here are samples from the 2016 fair.
We will be launching the highlights of the 2017 fair on 1st May 2017.
Sophia Rare Books
Stand

Entropy, probability and the second law of thermodynamics

BOLTZMANN, Ludwig

Über die Beziehung zwischen dem zweiten Hauptsatze der mechanischen Wärmtheorie und der Wahrscheinlichkeitsrechnuung, respective den Sätzen über das Wärmegleichgewicht., Vienna: Karl Gerold 1878

First edition in the original printed wrappers of the foundation work of statistical thermodynamics, containing the Boltzmann principle expressing the relation between entropy and probability. “This formula connects a thermodynamic or macroscopic quantity, the entropy, with a statistical or microscopic quantity, probability... These results gave rise to a paradox. If Newtonian mechanics held on the molecular level, interactions between particles had to be reversible, whereas thermodynamic changes on the macroscopic lever were irreversible. The answer to this ‘reversibility paradox’ lay in the statistical character of the second law” (Oxford Companion to the history of modern science). This work is fundamental to all subsequent developments in statistical mechanics and especially in quantum mechanics.